Name: Joelson Musiello Fernandes
Type: PhD thesis
Publication date: 01/11/2018
Advisor:

Namesort descending Role
Maurício Hostim Silva Advisor *

Examining board:

Namesort descending Role
Adriane Cristina Araujo Braga Internal Examiner *
Agnaldo Silva Martins Internal Examiner *
Jacqueline Albino Internal Alternate *
Luiz Fernando Loureiro Fernandes Internal Alternate *
Maria Cristina Dadalto External Examiner *
Matheus Oliveira Freitas External Examiner *
Maurício Hostim Silva Advisor *

Summary: The tropical marine shrimp fishery, mainly for penaeid shrimps, is a very old activity. The artisanal fishery of the Atlantic sea bob shrimp is developed in large scale along Brazilian coast, playing a important economic, historical, social and cultural role. Nowadays, the fishing warrants special attention because of the hightest percentage catch increase in recent decades. Communities dependent on fisheries resources are often the first to perceive changes in aquatic ecosystems and in the fishery stocks with which they interact, as these affect directly their livelihoods and income. The recognition of the value and significance of studies on local ecological knowledge (LEK) or fishers’ ecological knowledge (FEK) has increased in recent decades. In new type of management, the focus is on an integrated vision of the ecosystem within which the fishery is placed, rather than on single target fishery stocks and fishing fleets. Thus, it should include ecological, social and economic factors and simultaneously consider fish, fishers, the maintenance of fishery resources and the environment. n this context, this project aims to know the fishermen's social profile (age, time fishing, marital status, birth, education, type of housing, income from fishing, the number of people living in the residence, the impact of income from, among others), as well as local knowledge of fishermen about the shrimp resource (differentiation and local distribution of species, male differentiation and female, size between youth and adults and factors influencing the catches) and the relevant legislation (issues legislation regarding the closure and possible conflicts and feasibility of practical activity). For a better understanding of the results of the study will be conducted in four regions, two off the coast of Espirito Santo and two on the coast of Bahia. The results will be confronted with the main measure of conservation of shrimp stocks that is closed, characterized by temporary stoppage of fishing activity aimed at reducing the fishing effort. However, determining the closed season must submit scientific reasoning or does not provide the necessary effects causing serious environmental and social damage accordingly.

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